First Battle of Bull Run, chromolithograph by Kurz & Allison. Library of Congress.

Confederate soldiers considered themselves heirs to the American Revolution. And indeed they were.

William Hearne, great grandfather of rebel Francis M. Poore, served as a soldier of the Revolutionary War. Born in 1746 in Somerset County, Maryland, he died in Lowndes County, Alabama, on Sept. 21, 1832.

Hearne served in Gen. Kazimierz Pułaski’s legion, later absorbed into the legion of Gen. Charles Armand Tuffin, marquis de la Rouërie. The legion, also called the 1st Partisan Corps, took part in the assault on Redoubt 10 at Yorktown that led to the surrender of Lord Cornwallis.

On July 4, 1861, Francis and his comrades in the 13th Mississipp Infantry, celebrated outside Union City, where they were encamped.

Private Albert Wymer Henley of Company K recorded in his diary that the troops celebrated the “anniversary of American Independence and the triumph of constitutionally liberty and self-government . . . (with) target firing by file, which generally speaking was very well executed.” 1

In less than a week, Francis and his fellow troopers would head to Manassas, Virginia, to try permanently rend the Republic that his great grandfather fought to create.

1 Albert Wymer Henley, Diary, Company K, 13th Mississippi Infantry, in Jess McLean, The Official Records of the 13th Mississippi Infantry Regiment—as told by those who were there. CD-rom. 2001.

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